DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/pp2022.01.023

Use of Ontology-based knowledge Organization Sysytems for WIKI Resources

J.V. Rogushina

Abstract


The paper considers the theoretical foundations of knowledge organization systems
(KOSs) in intelligent ontology-based applications. The aim of this study is to analyze the use of different types of KOSs to organize and improve the knowledge base of semantic Wiki resources that contain heterogeneous multimedia content of large volume and have a complex structure integrated knowledge from different domains. The dialects of the OWL ontology representation language and their expressiveness for representing special cases of ontologies used in KOSs are considered. The criteria for the classification of KOSs and sphere of their usage are analyzed. Formal model of ontology for semantic Wiki resource is proposed. This model is integrated with various implementing means for different types of relations between objects in the Semantic MediaWiki environment based on templates. Problems of access and retrieval of information in these resources and methods of their solving from the KOSs point of view are considered. The software implementation of the proposed approach with the example of the portal version of the Great Ukrainian Encyclopedia (e-VUE) is realized. The urgency of the problem intensifies by the need for national information resources in martial law situation, for which the determining factors of effective information processing are both the ability to obtain satisfaction of complex information needs and the relevance of the information obtained. This increases the importance of official government portals that integrate reliable data from various fields of knowledge and prevent possible misrepresentation (both accidental and malicious) of information in resources with open content generation.

Prombles in programming 2022; 1: 23-33


Keywords


knowledge organization system; ontology; thesaurus; Wiki-resource

Full Text:

PDF (Ukrainian)

References


Soergel, D. (2009). Knowledge organiza- tion systems: overview. www.dsoergel. com/UBLIS514DS-08.2a-1Reading4So- ergelKOSOverview.pdf.

Gruber T.R. (1993) A translation approach to portable ontology specifications. Knowl. Acquis., 5(2), 199-220. https://doi.org/10.1006/knac.1993.1008

Baader F., Calvanese D., McGuinness D., Nardi D., Patel-Schneider P. (2003) The Description Logic Handbook: Theory, Im- plementation and Applications. Cambridge University Press.

Soergel, D. (2009) Knowledge organization systems: overview. www.dsoergel.com/ UBLIS514DS-08.2a-1Reading4Soergel- KOSOverview.pdf.

Gruber T.R. (1993) A translation approach to portable ontology specifications. Knowl. Acquis., 5(2), 199-220. https://doi.org/10.1006/knac.1993.1008

Baader F., Calvanese D., McGuinness D., Nardi D., and Patel-Schneider P. (2003) The Description Logic Handbook: Theory, Implementation and Applications. Cambridge University Press.

Rogushina J., Gladun A., Osadchiy V., Priyma S. (2015) Ontological analysis in the Web. - Melitopol State Pedagogical Uni- versity Bohdan Khmelnytsky. (in Ukrainian)

Navigli R., Velardi P. (2008) From Glossaries to Ontologies: Extracting Semantic Structure from Textual Definitions, Ontology Learning and Population: Bridging the Gap between Text and Knowledge, Series information for Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, IOS Press, 71-87.

Giunchiglia F., Zaihrayeu I. (2007) Lightweight ontologies. http://eprints.biblio. unitn.it/1289/1/071.pdf. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-7993-3_1314-2

Nikonenko A.A. (2009) Overview of knowledge bases of the ontological type. ttp://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/bitstream/handle/123456789/8144/27-Nikonenko. pdf?sequence=1. (in Russian)

Rogushina J. (2018) Theoretical bases of application of ontologies for semanticization of Web resources. Problems of programming, (2-3), 197-203. (in Ukrainian) https://doi.org/10.15407/pp2018.02.197

Zaihrayeu І , Sun L., Giunchiglia F., Pan W., Ju Q., Chi M., Huang X. (2007) From web directories to ontologies: Natural language processing challenges. 6th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2007). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-76298-0_45

Giunchiglia F., Marchese M., Zaihrayeu I. (2006) Encoding Classifications into Lightweight Ontologies. The Semantic Web: Research and Applications, ESWC 2006, 80-94. http://www.science.unitn.it/~marchese/ pdf/P4_eswc06_Encoding.pdf. https://doi.org/10.1007/11762256_9

Rogushina J., Gladun A. (2021) Task Thesaurus as a Tool for Modeling of User Information Needs. In New Perspectives on Enterprise Decision-Making Applying Artificial Intelligence Techniques, 385-403. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3- 030-71115-3_17. https://link.springer.com/ chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-71115-3_17. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-71115-3_17

Hjorland B. (2008) What is knowledge organization (KO)? KO Knowledge Organization, 35(2-3), 86-101. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/BirgerHjorland/publication/277803483_ What_is_Knowledge_Organization_KO/ links/55d8232608aed6a199a6afce/What- is-Knowledge-Organization-KO.pdf https://doi.org/10.5771/0943-7444-2008-2-3-86

SKOS Simple Knowledge Organization. (2004). System. https://www. w3.org/2004/02/skos/

Biagetti M. T. (2020) Ontologies (as knowledge organization systems). ISKO Encyclopedia of Knowledge Organization. https:// www.isko.org/cyclo/ontologies. https://doi.org/10.5771/0943-7444-2021-2-152

Zeng M. L. (2008)Knowledge organization systems (KOS). Knowledge Organization, 35 (2-3), 160-182. https://doi.org/10.5771/0943-7444-2008-2-3-160

Gladun A., Rogushina J. (2010) Mereological aspects of ontological analysis for thesauri constructing. Buildings and the Environment, 301-308.

Rogushina J. (2019) Use of Semantic Similarity Estimates for Unstructured Data Analysis // XIX International Scientific and Practical Conference "Information Technologies and Security" (ITS 2019). CEUR Vol-2577. 246-258. http://ceurws.org/Vol- 2577/paper20.pdf.

Hendler J. A., Golbeck J. (2008) Metcalfe's law, Web 2.0, and the Semantic Web. Web Sem., 6 (1): 14-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.websem.2007.11.008

Wagner C. (2004) Wiki: A technology for conversational knowledge management and group collaboration The Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 13(1), 264-289. https://doi.org/10.17705/1CAIS.01319

Völkel M., Krötzsch M., Vrandecic D., Haller H., Studer R. (2006) Semantic wikipedia. Proc.e of the 15th international conference on World Wide Web, 585-594. https://doi.org/10.1145/1135777.1135863

Andon P.I., Rogushina J.V., Grishanova I.Y., Reznichenko V.A., Kyrydon A.M., Aristova A.V., Tyschenko A.O. (2021) Experience of Semantic Technologies Use for Development of Intelligent Web Encyclopedia. UkrPROG, CEUR Workshoop Proc., Vol-2866, 246-259. http://ceur-ws.org/Vol- 2866/ceur_246-259andon24.pdf.

Rogushina J. (2019) Problems of ontological analysis use for knowledge representation of wiki-resources. Problems in programming, 2, 2019, 17-37. https:// doi.org/10.15407/pp2019.02.017. (in Ukrainian) https://doi.org/10.15407/pp2019.02.017




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/pp2022.01.023

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.